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Enneagram Styles And The Cognitive Theory Of George Kelly

By Jerome Wagner, Ph.D.

George Kelly (1963) has been called the father of cognitive psychotherapy.  Kelly’s metaphor is we are all junior scientists trying to figure out our world so we can predict and control our environment and the reactions our behavior will elicit from the environment (mostly our social environment.)  We look for repetitions around us and then formulate constructs or representations to map our world.  The mind looks for order and then imposes that order in the form of templates on our experiences and the world. Like scientists we develop theories and hypotheses that will help predict future events, thus reducing uncertainty.  

A Comparison of the Nine Enneagram Personality Styles and Theodore Millons’ Eight Personality Patterns

by Jerome Wagner, Ph.D. There are several congenial correlations…

Narcissism and Enneagram Styles

There is some debate about which Enneagram styles display narcissistic tendencies.  Some put Sevens in the narcissistic category; some put Threes in that basket; some say any Enneagram type can manifest narcissistic leanings.  I propose to completely unresolve this issue by presenting some theories about the origins or etiology of narcissism, quoting some theories about which Enneagram styles might express narcissistic tendencies, and in conclusion drawing some inconclusions.

History of the Enneagram

by Jerome Wagner, Ph.D. A recently popularized typology which…

Values and Visions

by Jerome Wagner, Ph.D. At the heart of each person's style…

Values and Proficiencies

by Jerome Wagner, Ph.D. Our values and visions give us an…